A socio-economic model for increasing the efficiency of measures taken for peatland restoration in the Chernihiv region was presented within a project Demonstration Model for Peatland Restoration on 3,000 ha of “Smolianka” drainage system, Polissia, north of Ukraine. The model targets local communities and land owners and gives practical tools for solving potential conflicts between the locals and GHG emission reduction and ecosystem restoration projects.
In the frame of Steppe Biodiversity project, a land study was done for three pilot farms in the Luhansk region. The work aimed to assess the current state of soils and the dynamics of soil humus loss, and to analyze changes in plant growth conditions and their impact on plant productivity. The findings helped to draw recommendations on most favorable land use regimes and specific agriculture practices, needed to help the farms to preserve their rich humus lands and restore degraded lands.
In the report, authors draw recommendations for steps required to adapt the region’s agriculture to expected climate change, provide estimates of the changes in climatic and agroclimatic parameters of the region, and analyze the current state of local arable lands as well as the dynamics of water erosion and soil humus loss during 1989-2009, with a prognosis for up to 2030. The report also describes institutional, financial, informational, and other measures which are to be included in the region’s Climate Adaptation Plan.
Mykytiuk O., 2013. The report includes a review of current trends in compliance and voluntary carbon markets which are considered the options for trading emission reductions generated by a carbon project on depleted arable lands of the Luhansk oblast in the frame of Steppe Biodiversity project. Among other things, the author recommends to redesign the project, changing the focus from the Joint Implemenation trading scheme to trading under The Gold Standard on a voluntary carbon market. The Gold Standard requirements and procedure for carbon projects are also described.
Muliova D.V., Poliovy A.M. , 2012. The report contains climate data which are required for carbon project development based on the ROTHC model according to the methodology VM0017 Adoption of Sustainable Agriculture Land Management, v 1.0. The authors describe climate changes which are expected to occur in the Luhansk region in 2012-2020 and present calculations of thermal and moisture regimes year-to-year changes during 2013-2050.